Information reported by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (paragraph 7 of decision XIV/7)

Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/INF/4

Information on illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances reported by Uzbekistan pursuant to paragraph 7 of decision XIV/7


Date

Substances traded

Volume

Importing/exporting country

Details of the illegal trade

Action

28 January 2010

CFC-12

7 cylinders of CFC-12 and 50 cylinders of R-600

China

Goods impounded by police unit following inspection by Customs authorities. Laboratory tests confirmed refrigerants to be CFC-12.

Smuggler fined approximately $75 by a court and substances detained for destruction

8 May 2010

Unspecified refrigerators

5 refrigerators

Country of origin not identified

The smuggler was apprehended during a spot check and failed to produce an import permit for the refrigerants.

Investigation in progress

10 June 2010

HCFCs

2 refrigerators and 2 items of air-conditioning  equipment containing R600 and HCFC‑22

China

Goods found in a truck but the smuggler failed to present import documents.

Substances confiscated and smuggler fined approximately $155 by a court

6 July 2010

HCFCs

20 kg of HCFC-134a and 16 kg of CFC-12

China

Refrigerants found hidden in the car boot. Confiscated during joint raid by Customs and traffic police at a checkpoint.

Refrigerants confiscated and smuggler fined $25 by a court

24 July 2010

HCFCs

60 litres in 5 cylinders

 

India

60 litres of HCFC-22 and R-406 refrigerants found in the passenger compartment of a car.

Goods confiscated and smuggler fined $25 by a court

Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.21/INF/5

Party

Date

Substances traded

Volume
(in kilograms)

Importing/Exporting country

Details of the illegal trade

Action

Belgium

2007

Methyl bromide

1

 

One kilogram (kg) of methyl bromide imported for laboratory use was used in field testing of a methyl bromide alternative. The field testing would constitute a critical use but the user had no import licence covering critical uses.

An investigation is under way.

Bulgaria

2007

CFC -12

10

 

One bottle of CFC-12 was found on 27 June 2007 in a private car during a customs check at Vrashka Chuka, on the border between Bulgaria and Serbia.

A fine was imposed under customs law. Entry of the product was denied.

Cyprus

2007

HCFC -22

14

 

During a field inspection on 23 March 2007 160 cylinders marked as containing HFC-134a were found to contain a blend including HCFC-22. Most of the cylinders had already been sold and their contents consumed. Only 19 could be seized and are now awaiting destruction.

The competent authority is convinced that this was an isolated incident and that there was no deliberate intention to deceive the authorities.

 

HCFC-22

22

 

A field inspection on 18 June 2007 revealed in a box of 90 air‑conditioning units five split units charged with HCFC-22. The first placing on the market of such equipment is illegal in the European Community.

The material currently awaits destruction.

Denmark

2007

CFC-12

Unknown

 

Customs authorities stopped a container whose contents included nine refrigerators.

Export was denied. The chemical inspection service considered reporting the matter to the police.

 

CFC-12

Unknown

Customs authorities stopped a container whose contents included one refrigerator.

Estonia

2007

Halon 2402

200

 

The ship MS Kopli was exported to Georgia with halons on board.

The Environmental Inspectorate is currently taking action; it is expected that the owner will be fined.

 

Halon 2402

200

The ship MS Pakri was exported to Russia with halons on board.

France

2007

Halon 1211
Halon 1301

220

 

Exports of 25 kg of halon 1211 and 195 kg of halon 1301 were made to various countries during 2006 without an export licence. The case was detected by the European Commission while comparing licence data and reported data.

The case is under investigation by French customs authorities.

2007

CFC-12

Unknown

 

Twenty-three refrigerators whose compressors contained CFC 12 were seized on 11 December 2007. The goods were to be exported to Senegal.

The competent authority is investigating.

2007

Carbon tetrachloride

8

 

In 2006 a French company exported 8 kg of carbon tetrachloride to Azerbaijan for laboratory uses without having an export authorization. The case was detected by the European Commission while comparing licence and reported data of another company.

The company has been reminded by French competent authorities regarding the existing rules.

Greece

2007

HCFC

1,183

 

R401a in the amount of 1,360 kg (53 per cent R22, 13 per cent R152a, 34 per cent R124) was stopped at the border by customs authorities as the importer was not able to present an import licence.

Import was denied and the goods were returned to the manufacturer at the importer’s expense.

Ireland

2007

CFC-12
HCFC-22

504
1,306

 

A company was found to be holding stocks of and using CFC-12 and HCFC-22 without allowance Document checks suggest that the material was illegally imported between 2001 and 2004 from the United Arab Emirates. The substances were found in non‑refillable 13.6 kg cylinders. Empty containers were found as well.

The stocks and empty containers were ordered to be destroyed.
Following this case 13 other premises in Ireland were inspected. No other cases of non‑compliance were discovered.

Italy

2007

HCFC-22

35,040

 

HCFC-22 in the amount of 35,040 kg was imported in 2006 without an import licence. The case was detected by the European Commission through documentary cross checks.

The competent authority investigated the matter and concluded that the failure to apply for a licence had been unintentional.

Netherlands

2007

carbon tetrachloride
CFC-113

3
8

 

Despite intended improvements in the internal procedures of the company involved (which had the year before been fined for unlicensed trade) two additional unlicensed transactions took place during 2007. In February 2007, 3 kg of carbon tetrachloride was exported to Switzerland and in June 2007 8 kg of CFC-113 was exported to Serbia.

The company stopped all exports of ozone-depleting substances.

2007

Methyl bromide

20,000

 

Methyl bromide in the amount of 20,000 kg was exported to Israel during 2007.

Inspections revealed that the export resulted from a misapplication of the licensing system by the exporter and that there was no intention to mislead. Follow‑up inspections are scheduled.

Poland

2007

HCFC-22

14

 

A non‑refillable gas cylinder was found on 11 May 2007 during customs control of a passenger car at the Polish-Ukrainian border.

The car was not allowed to enter the European Community.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

 

2007

TCA

62

 

A company mistakenly imported more TCA than it was licensed to bring in (132 kg instead of 70 kg).

The company has been reminded of proper procedures.

2007

HCFC-22

153,000

 

A company exported 153,000 kg of HCFC-22 to India for feedstock uses; the company was only licensed to export for refrigeration uses.

An investigation is under way.

2007

Halons

Unknown

 

Due to a misinterpretation of the applicable regulation no export licences were requested with regard to the export of halon-based fire‑extinguishers.

An investigation is under way.

 

Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/3

Party

Date of seizure of goods

Substances traded

Volume

Importing/Exporting country

Details of the illegal ODS trade

Action

Armenia

May 2007                 

Waste mixture of 15% R-134a mixed with 85% other refrigerants (CFC, HCFC)

1 cylinder mislabelled as R-134a

United Arab Emirates

Mislabelling of waste mixture as virgin R-134a was detected when testing cylinders during customs training

 

European Community

 

Belgium

1 January to
31 December 2005

 

 

 

Bromochloromethane (BCM)

 

 

168,000 kg

 

 

 

Follow up of a case already reported in 2004. BCM was imported without a license and using a wrong CN code. The company itself reported the irregularity.

 

 

Penalties were issued.

 

Cyprus

 

 

 

 

HCFC-22

 

680 kg

 

Israel

 

A delivery of R-408 (47% HCFC-22) had been intercepted during import by the customs. The material was sent by the Israeli supplier by mistake. Actually R-508 (no ODS) was ordered.

 

The material was sent back to the supplier.

 

Denmark

 

 

CFC-12

 

Unknown

 

 

8 companies were stopped in their attempt to export illegally refrigerators containing R12 to countries outside the EC.

 

3 companies were reported to the police. 2 companies were fined by a court. One company accepted a fine without court rule (fines between 1,300 and 3,000 euros). Other residual 5 cases did not result in prosecution.

 

Estonia

 

 

HCFC

 

68 kg

 

Russia

 

Illegal export to a Russian ship.

 

The company was fined.

 

France

 

 

HCFC-22

 

Unknown

 

 

The illegal import of 1,890 air-conditioning units was detected at the customs in Guadeloupe. Material was re-exported.

 

Fines were issued.

 

Germany

 

 

Halon-1301

 

0.1 kg

 

 

Import without license

 

Sale was banned.

 

Italy

 

 

Unknown

 

Unknown

 

 

In two cases the gross weight of the goods did not correspond to that declared.

 

Sanction enforcement under Italian law.

 

Poland

 

 

CFC-12

 

150 kg

 

Ukraine

 

One person attempted to import freon gas in his private car from Ukraine to Poland. The suspect was not allowed to enter EC territory.

 

Submitted to relevant authority for further processing.

 

Spain

 

 

HCFC-22

 

Unknown

 

 

One case of illegal import of equipment with HCFC-22 foam.

 

Unknown

Kyrgyzstan

November 2007

 

 

December 2007

Halon-1211

 

 

CFC-12

1,440 kg (ODP)

 

 

27 refrigerators 

Republic of Korea

 

 

A company registered in a free economic zone imported 2,400 pieces of car fire extinguishers using forged documents

A batch of 27 refrigerators was intercepted at port of entry and impounded.

Company was penalized and customs officers and inspectors punished for the offence.

Owner of shipment was ordered to retrofit fridges based on R-12–R-134a at the importer’s own expense.

Mexico

September 2003

CFC-12

1,717 kg

Mexico

In September 2003 a delivery of R-12 was found in the storage facilities of Mexican Customs in the southern border with Guatemala

The property of this material was not claimed by anybody within the legal time-limit established under the Mexican law, after which time the material has to be destroyed or donated to a national public institution.

The material was seized, and according to customs procedures, this material was donated to a national public institution, in this case the Naval Ministry to be used in their facilities and equipment.

 

Seychelles

 

 

2007

 

 

R-12 (refrigerators)

 

14 kg

United Arab Emirates

 

A consignment of 10 refrigerators and 4 chest freezers with labels of R-134a were imported into the country, from the United Arab Emirates, but on closer inspection  and testing of the refrigerant by custom officers, it was found to be R-12. It was confiscated by the ozone unit. 

 

The importer was fined SR 2500/- (approx $300) per piece of equipment for retrofitting by the ozone unit, plus another fine under the Trades Tax Act.

 

 

R-11, R-12 (refrigerators)

88 kg

China

A consignment of 88 refrigerators and chillers with R-11 and R-12 were imported into the country, from China, to be sold in the shops by a local supplier. The consignment was confiscated by the ozone unit. 

The importer was fined under trade tax Act for importing banned gas plus reshipment of the consignment to its country of origin.  Importer was given a final warning.

 

 

R-12

1 cylinder (13.6 kg) 

United Arab Emirates

Importation permit for 1 cylinder of R-406a was given by the ozone unit to a local importer. On arrival it was found to be R-12 (from the United Arab Emirates).

The importer was fined under the Trade Tax Act for importing a banned gas and giving wrong information to customs, plus required to reship the gas at his own cost.

 

Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.18/INF/6

Party

Date

Substances traded

Volume

Exporting country

Details of the illegal ODS trade

Argentina

March 2006

HCFC-22

500kgs

China

A vessel transported 500 kgs of HFCs from China into Argentina.  The customs authorities after testing the substance discovered it to be HCFC-22 which require an import license.

Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.15/Inf.6

PARTY

DATE

SUBSTANCES TRADED

VOLUME

EXPORTING COUNTRY

DETAILS OF THE ODS ILLEGAL TRADE

Japan

May 2001

CFC-12

5400kg
(each 250g x  21,600cans)

Thailand

Two men tried to import 21,600 cans of CFC-12 from Thailand by air cargo. Instead, they made a false declaration of lubricants to the Customs authorities as lubricants.

 

July 2001

CFC-12

11,745kg
(each 300g x 39,150cans)

China

A firm tried to import 39,150 cans of CFC-12 from China by marine containers. Instead, the firm made a false declaration of HFC-134a to the Customs authorities.

 

July 2001

CFC-12

123,300kg
(each 300g x 411,000cans)

China

A firm and affiliated firm tried to import 411,000 cans of CFC-12 from China by marine containers. Instead, the firm made a false declaration report ten times of HFC-124a to the Customs authorities.

 

July 2001

CFC-12

11,160kg
(each 310g x 35,999cans)

China

Four Japanese tried to import 35,999 cans of CFC-12 from China by marine containers. Instead, they made a false declaration of HFC-1345a to the Customs authorities.

 

March 2002

CFC-12

1,975kg
(each 350g x 5,644cans)

Egypt

An Egyptian who is staying in Japan tried to import 5,644 cans of CFC-12 from Egypt by air cargo. Instead, he made a false declaration of HFC-134a to the Customs authorities.

 

June 2002

CFC-12

2,871kg
(each 250g x 11,483 cans)

China-Hong Kong

Four Japanese tried to import 11, 483 cans of CFC-12 from China by marine containers. Instead, they made a false declaration of HFC-134a to the Customs authorities.

Japan

June 2002

CFC-12

2,708kg
(each 250g x 10,830cans)

China-Hong Kong

Four Japanese tried to import 10,830 cans of CFC-12 from China by marine containers.  Instead, they made a false declaration of HFC-134a to the Customs authorities.

 

July 2002

CFC-12

6,030kg
(each 250g x  24,120cans)

Vietnam

Two men tried to import 24,120 cans of CFC-12 from Vietnam by marine containers.  Those cans were hidden behind the boxes that contained paints in the container.  Instead, they made a false declaration of paints to the Customs.

Philippines

May 2003

CFC-12

1,140 cylinders of 13.6 kg each

China

The shipment was apprehended by the Government of Philippines after which the investigation revealed that the importer applied for a license to import HFC-134a but instead illegally imported CFC-12.  The shipment was packed and labelled as HFC-134a but with no brand name and no indication of where the substances had been manufactured.  The Government of China has been requested by Philippines to investigate the supplier/exporter of the illegal CFCs.

Singapore

August 2001

CFC-12

80 cylinders of 13.6 kg each

Not provided

A company was apprehended and fined for ODS imports without license under the Environment Pollution control Act.