The Montreal Protocol

Summary of control measures under the Montreal Protocol

This summary of control measures takes into account all the Amendments including the Beijing Amendment.

It may be noted that an Article 5(1) Party is a Party classified at a meeting of the Parties as a developing country and whose annual per capita consumption of Annex A and Annex B substances are below the limits set in Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol.

Annex A - Group I: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CFC-114 and CFC-115)

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1986. Base level: Average of 1995-97.
Freeze: July 1, 1989. Freeze: July 1, 1999.
75 per cent: reduction January 1, 1994. 50 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions). 85 per cent: reduction January 1, 2007.
    100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Anx A/I

Annex A - Group II: Halons (halon 1211, halon 1301 and halon 2402)

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1986. Base level: Average of 1995-97.
Freeze: January 1, 1992. Freeze: January 1, 2002.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1994 (with possible essential use exemptions). 50 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005.
    100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Anx A/II

Annex B - Group I: Other fully halogenated CFCs (CFC-13, CFC-111, CFC-112, CFC-211, CFC-212, CFC-213, CFC-214, CFC-215, CFC-216, CFC-217)

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1989. Base level: Average of 1998-2000.
20 per cent: reduction January 1, 1993. 20 per cent: reduction January 1, 2003.
75 per cent: reduction January 1, 1994. 85 per cent: reduction January 1, 2007.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions). 100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Anx B/I

Annex B - Group II: Carbon tetrachloride

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1989. Base level: Average of 1998-2000.
85 per cent: reduction January 1, 1995. 85 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions). 100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Anx B/II

Annex B - Group III: 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1989. Base level: Average of 1998-2000.
Freeze: January 1, 1993. Freeze: January 1, 2003.
50 per cent: reduction January 1, 1994. 30 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions). 70 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010.
    100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Anx B/III

Annex C - Group I: HCFCs (consumption)

Non-Article 5(1) Parties: Consumption Article 5(1) Parties: Consumption
Base level: 1989 HCFC consumption + 2.8 per cent of 1989 CFC consumption. Base level: Average 2009-10.
Freeze: 1996. Freeze: January 1, 2013.
35 per cent: reduction January 1, 2004. 10 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015.
75 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010. 35 per cent: reduction January 1, 2020.
90 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015. 67.5 per cent reduction January 1, 2025.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2020.

Allowance of 0.5 per cent of base level consumption until January 1, 2030 for servicing of refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment existing on 1 January 2020.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2030.

Allowance of 2.5 per cent of base level consumption when averaged over ten years 2030-40 until January 1, 2040 for servicing of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment existing on 1 January 2030.

Anx C/I Consumption

Annex C - Group I: HCFCs (production)

Non-Article 5(1) Parties: Production Article 5(1) Parties: Production
Base level: Average of 1989 HCFC production + 2.8 per cent of 1989 CFC production and 1989 HCFC consumption + 2.8 per cent of 1989 CFC consumption. Base level: Average 2009-10.
Freeze: January 1, 2004, at the base level for production. Freeze: January 1, 2013.
10 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015.
75 per cent: reduction January 1, 2010. 35 per cent: reduction January 1, 2020.
90 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015. 67.5 per cent reduction January 1, 2025.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2020.

Allowance of 0.5 per cent of base level production until January 1, 2030 for servicing of refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment existing on 1 January 2020.
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2030.

Allowance of 2.5 per cent of base level production when averaged over ten years 2030-40 until January 1, 2040 for servicing of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment existing on 1 January 2030.

Anx C/I Production

Annex C - Group II: HBFCs

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions). 100 per cent: reduction January 1, 1996 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Annex C - Group III: Bromochloromethane

Applicable to production and consumption

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2002 (with possible essential use exemptions). 100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2002 (with possible essential use exemptions).

Annex E - Group I: Methyl bromide

Applicable to production and consumption, amounts used for quarantine and preshipment applications exempted.

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: 1991 Base level: Average of 1995-98
Freeze: January 1, 1995. Freeze: January 1, 2002.
25 per cent: reduction January 1, 1999. 20 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005.
50 per cent: reduction January 1, 2001. 100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2015 (with possible critical use exemptions).
70 per cent: reduction January 1, 2003.    
100 per cent: reduction January 1, 2005 (with possible critical use exemptions).    

Anx E/I

Allowance for production to meet the basic domestic needs of Article 5(1) Parties following the Beijing Adjustments

Note: With regard to the summary below, it appears as though the allowance for production to meet the basic domestic needs of Article 5(1) Parties continues indefinitely after the date of the phase out (e.g. for Article 5(1) Parties in the case of Annex A substances; for both Article 5(1) and non-Article 5(1) Parties in the case of Annex B Group II and III substances). However, no Party can consume controlled substances, except for permitted essential (or critical) uses, after the dates of phase-out for both Article 5(1) and non-Article 5(1) Parties. Hence, no Party can produce controlled substances after such dates, except for essential uses.

Annex A - Group I: CFCs

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: Production in 1986. Base level: Average of production for 1995-1997
January 1, 1992 10 per cent of base level. July 1, 1999 10 per cent of base level.
January 1, 1996 15 per cent of base level until 28 July 2000 (date of entry into force of the Beijing Adjustments). January 1, 2010 15 per cent of base level.
New base level for basic domestic needs Effective July 28, 2000 Annual average production for satisfying basic domestic needs of Article 5(1) Parties for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.    
July 28, 2000 100 per cent of new base level for satisfying basic domestic needs until end of 2002.    
January 1, 2003 80 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2005 50 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2007 15 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2010 Zero.    

Annex A - Group II: Halons

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base Level: Production in 1986. Base level: Average of production for 1995-1997.
January 1, 1992 10 per cent of base level. January 1, 2002 10 per cent of base level.
January 1, 1994 15 per cent of base level until January 1, 2002. January 1, 2010 15 per cent of base level.
New base level for basic domestic needs (Effective July 28, 2000) Annual average production for satisfying basic domestic needs of Article 5(1) Parties for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.    
January 1, 2002 100 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2005 50 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2010 Zero.    

Annex B - Group I: Other fully halogenated CFCs

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: Production in 1989. Base level: Average of production for 1998-2000.
January 1, 1993 10 per cent of base level. January 1, 2003 10 per cent of base level.
New base level for basic domestic needs (Effective July 28, 2000) Annual average production for basic domestic needs for the period- 1998 to 2000 January 1, 2010 15 per cent of base level.
July 28, 2000 15 per cent of base level until 1 January 2003.    
After January 1, 2003 80 per cent of the new base level.    
January 1, 2007 15 per cent of the new base level.    
January 1, 2010 Zero    

Annex B - Group II: Carbon tetrachloride

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: Production in 1989. Base level: Average of production for 1998-2000.
January 1, 1995 10 per cent of base level production. January 1, 2005 10 per cent of base level.
January 1, 1996 15 per cent of base level January 1, 2010 15 per cent of base level

Annex B - Group III: 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: Production in 1989. Base level: Average of production for 1998-2000.
January 1, 1993 10 per cent of base level. January 1, 2003 10 per cent of base level.
January 1, 1996 15 per cent of base level. January 1, 2015 15 per cent of base level.
       

Annex C - Group I: HCFCs

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base Level: Average of 1989 HCFC production + 2.8 per cent of 1989 CFC production and 1989 HCFC consumption +2.8 per cent of 1989 CFC consumption. No additional production allowed for basic domestic needs.
January 1, 2004 15 per cent of base level.
January 1, 2010 10 per cent of base level.

Annex E - Group I: Methyl bromide

Non-Article 5(1) Parties Article 5(1) Parties
Base level: Production in 1991.

No additional production allowed for basic domestic needs.

January 1, 1995 10 per cent of base level until July 28, 2000.
New base level for basic domestic needs (effective July 28, 2000) Annual average production for basic domestic needs of Article 5(1) Parties for the period 1995 to 1998 inclusive.    
July 28, 2000 15 per cent of base level until January 1, 2002.    
January 1, 2002 100 per cent of base level.    
January 1, 2005 80 per cent of new base level.    
January 1, 2015 Zero.    


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